TIRUVINNAGAR (UPPILIAPPAN KOYIL) (KUMBAKONAM), TN,
One of the 108 Temples and Celestial Abodes of Vishnu revered by Tamil Hymns of the Alwars of the 1st millennium CE
LOCATION: Uppiliappan Koil near Kumbhakonam (Chola Naadu)
THAYAAR: Bhumi Devi
THEERTHAM: Ahoratra Pushkarini
PAASURAM: Tirumangai, Peyalwar, Nammalwar
VIMAANAM: Vishnu Vimanam, Sudhdhananda
TRAVEL BASE: Kumbhakonam
DESCRIPTION: This Divyadesam is located near Tirunageswaram, near Tiruvidaimarudur and Kumbhakonam. It is one of the well known and well visited Divya Desam temples and is considered to be a Prartanaistalam.
The name Oppiliappan refers to the presiding deity who is considered comparable to none. Nammalwar refers to Vishnu as Ponnappan, Maniappan, Muttappan, Ennappan and Tiruvinnagarappan.
DEITIES: The Moolavar Oppiliappan or Uppiliappan – Srinivasan, in a standing posture facing east resembles Venkatachalapati at Tirupati. Thaayaar here is Bhumi Devi, enshrined in the same sanctum. Legend has it that Markandeyar, Kaveri and Yama worshipped Vishnu here. It is believed that this shrine is equivalent to Tirupati.
TEMPLE: Adorned with a 50 feet high five tiered Raja gopuram, this east facing temple has two prakarams. Stone inscriptions here refer to the templeas Tiruvinnagar – Tirunageswaram and Uyyakkondaar Valanaadu. Inscriptions here date back to the period of Rajendra Chola.
LEGENDS: Legend has it that Bhudevi was reborn as the daughter of Markandeya and that an old man sought her hand in marriage; the sage attempted to stall the marriage by stating that his daughter was not well versed in household duties, and that she would even forget to season food with salt. The old man revealed himself as Vishnu, and took Bhu Devi as his bride. Salt is not included in any of the offerings made to the deity; hence also, the name Uppiliappan.
Legends associated with this temple are referenced in the Bhrahmaanda puraanam.
FESTIVAL: Annual Bhramotsavams are celebrated in the months of Pankuni and Purattasi. The Vasantotsavam is celebrated in Vaikasi, and the Tirukkalyana Utsavam in Aippasi.
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